Caribbean and Americas
Did you already know:
Sir Shridath Ramphal of Guyana changed into Commonwealth Secretary-widespread 1975–ninety.
Guyanese writers have won the overall pleasant First book award of the Commonwealth Writers’ Prize in 1991 (Pauline Melville) and in 2006 (Mark McWatt).
The government of Guyana, at the 1989 CHOGM, supplied to set apart approximately 360,000 hectares of pristine rainforest for studies to illustrate methods for conservation and sustainable use of woodland sources and biodiversity: as a result, the Commonwealth’s flagship Iwokrama Rainforest Programme was released the subsequent year.
The Commonwealth adolescents Programme Caribbean Centre is primarily based in Georgetown.
Key dataJoined Commonwealth:
3.Zero% p.A. 1990–2013
International ranking 121
GMT minus 4hr
Guyana dollar (G$)
Populace density (in keeping with sq. Km):
The Co-operative Republic of Guyana lies in the north-east of South the united states, north of the equator. It is bordered by way of Suriname, Brazil and Venezuela and, to the north and east, extends to the North Atlantic Ocean. The united states of america incorporates ten regions.
Major towns:Georgetown (capital, pop. 118,363 in 2012), Linden (27,277), New Amsterdam (17,329), Anna Regina (eleven,793), Corriverton (10,600), Bartica (eight,500), Rosignol, Skeldon and Vreed en Hoop. Georgetown is famous for its Dutch-stimulated wood structure, road format and drainage canals.
Floor journey in the indoors of the u . S . A . Is hindered by means of dense forest, rapids on the rivers, and the normally undeveloped person of the indoors. As a result, aside from inside the coastal belt and on one inland course, most trips are with the aid of air.
There are all-weather roads along the eastern a part of the coast and some all-weather roads inland, along with one across the united states to the border with Brazil, and approximately seven in step with cent of the overall network of seven,970 km is paved. There may be no passenger rail carrier, even though mining corporations have non-public items traces.
There are some 1,six hundred km of navigable river, 1,000 km of which are in regions of a few monetary interest. Passenger and load vessels journey up the Demerara, Essequibo and Berbice rivers, and also alongside the coast among the rivers. Other than the Demerara, which has a avenue bridge, the other important rivers ought to be crossed with the aid of ferries, which can take some hours for the broader rivers. On the Corentyne river ferry services hyperlink Guyana with Suriname.
Georgetown is the primary port, and the international airport is CBJ international Airport, at Timehri, forty km from Georgetown; large towns and many mining corporations have airports or touchdown strips.
International relations:Guyana is a member of the African, Caribbean and Pacific institution of States, affiliation of Caribbean States, Caribbean community, Non-Aligned movement, business enterprise of Islamic Cooperation, business enterprise of american States, United countries and global trade agency.
Guyana hosts the headquarters of the Caribbean community in Georgetown.
Topography:Guyana has three wonderful geographical zones. It has a slim coastal belt, seldom more than 25 km huge and lots of it 1–1.5 metres underneath sea degree, wherein sugar and rice are grown and ninety in keeping with cent of the human beings live. In the far indoors are high savannah uplands; between these, thick, hilly tropical forest covers most of the land location. For the country as a whole forest covers seventy seven in keeping with cent of the land area. Within the wooded area zone are determined maximum of the united states of america’s sources of bauxite, diamonds, gold, manganese and other minerals. Guyana’s big rivers include the Demerara, Berbice, Essequibo and Corentyne; rapids, bars and different obstacles make navigation difficult. The Kaieteur Falls on the Potaro river have a 222 metres drop – 5 times the peak of Niagara. The Amerindian call ‘Guiana’ (part of the united states’s former name) way ‘Land of Many Waters’.
Climate:Guyana has a heat tropical climate with excessive rainfall and humidity. The wet seasons are November–January and may–July with an average rainfall of two,350 mm p.A. Within the coastal vicinity. Inland rainfall averages 1,520 mm p.A. North-east exchange winds moderate coastal temperatures.
Environment:The most substantial environmental problems are water pollution by means of sewage, and agricultural and commercial chemicals; and deforestation.
Flora:Guyana’s tropical wooded area, covering 77 in step with cent of the land area, is a few of the most ecologically precious and nice preserved within the global. The environment is an difficulty of top notch political importance in Guyana. There is issue approximately weather alternate and sea-degree upward push, because the low-mendacity littoral simple relies on a machine of dams, partitions and drainage canals to prevent flooding from the ocean or the massive rivers. Wooded area assets are also important; the united states has taken a lead in advancing forestry conservation and sustainable development and there has been no widespread lack of wooded area cover in the course of 1990–2012.
Beneath the Iwokrama Rainforest Programme, some 371,000 hectares, a whole lot of it virgin forest, have been set apart for preservation and scientific take a look at of its ecology and for sustainable improvement of the parts inhabited through Amerindian tribes or migrant mining communities. The programme was launched via the Guyana government and the Commonwealth Secretariat.