Malawi
Area:
Africa
Did you realize?
Malawi is one of seven landlocked Commonwealth countries, all of which are in Africa, though it does have a border with Lake Malawi of extra than 750 km.

Key records

Joined Commonwealth:
1964
Populace:
18.09 million (2016)
GDP:
2.5% annual alternate (2016)
UN HDI:
World ranking one hundred seventy
Legit language:
English
Timezone:
GMT plus 2hr
Foreign money:
Malawi kwacha (MK)
Geography
Place:
118,484 sq.Km
Shoreline:
None
Capital city:
Lilongwe
Population density (according to sq. Km):
138

Malawi is a long, slim south-east African united states formed with the aid of the dramatic Rift Valley, with Lake Malawi a dominant feature. It's far bordered by means of Mozambique to the east, south and south-west, with the aid of Zambia to the north and north-west, and by the United Republic of Tanzania to the north and north-east.

There are 3 areas: the northern (capital Mzuzu), the principal (capital Lilongwe) and the southern (capital Blantyre).

Fundamental towns: 

Lilongwe (capital, pop. 723,six hundred in 2010), Blantyre (business centre, 694,500), Mzuzu (138,300), Zomba (seat of Parliament, ninety one,900), Kasungu (46,six hundred), Karonga (forty four,000), Mangochi (forty two,three hundred), Salima (28,800), Nkhotakota (25,900), Liwonde (25,100), Balaka (23,900), Mzimba (22,400), Dedza (21,2 hundred), Nsanje (20,three hundred), Rumphi (18,2 hundred) and Mchinji (17,800).

Transport: 

There are 15,450 km of roads (forty five consistent with cent paved) and 797 km of railway. Rehabilitation of the battle-damaged railway line to the Mozambican port of Nacala become completed in 1997. Plans have been announced in 1999 for personal-zone control of Malawi Railways, main to eventual privatisation.

Lilongwe international Airport handles the bulk of home and worldwide visitors; the second worldwide airport is Blantyre Chileka.

Global members of the family: 

Malawi is a member of the African, Caribbean and Pacific group of States, African Union, commonplace marketplace for jap and Southern Africa, Non-Aligned motion, Southern African development network, United international locations and world change organization.

Topography: 

Malawi’s deep Rift Valley trench is on common eighty km extensive. Lake Malawi occupies two-thirds of the Rift Valley ground. It feeds the Shire river, which flows south to join the Zambezi. Plateaux upward thrust west of the ditch. The northern place is mountainous, with the open Nyika Plateau, escarpments, valleys and the forested slopes of Viphya Plateau. The crucial location, the principle agricultural area, is a plateau over 1,000 metres high. The southern vicinity is low-lying other than the 2,one hundred metres excessive Zomba Plateau and the three,002 metres Mulanje Massif, the highest mountain in south-critical Africa.

Climate: 

The tropical climate is tempered by altitude and cooler at the excessive plateaux. There are three seasons: a fab, dry season from mid-April to August; a heat, dry season from September to November; and a rainy season (receiving 90 in keeping with cent of precipitation) from December to April. Most of the u . S . Is well watered, receiving 800–2,500 mm of rain, with a few areas inside the excessive plateaux receiving three,500 mm p.A.

Surroundings: 

The maximum good sized environmental troubles are deforestation; soil degradation; and water pollutants by means of agricultural run-off, sewage and business wastes.

Flora: 

The various weather encourages various vegetation. Zomba Plateau, the country’s oldest woodland reserve, has Mulanje cedar, cypress and Mexican pine. There's dense tropical rainforest on the lower tiers of the Mulanje Massif; better up develop ericas, helichrysum, massive blue lobelias, species of iris, staghorn lily and (particular to Malawi) Whyte’s sunflower. Woodland covers 34 consistent with cent of the land vicinity, having declined at zero.9 in keeping with cent p.A. 1990–2010. Arable land contains 38 in keeping with cent and permanent cropland one per cent of the total land area.

Natural world: 

Animals encompass leopard, hyena, jackal, hyrax, porcupine, red duiker, bushbuck, reedbuck, klipspringer, baboon, mongoose, vervet monkey, serval, civet, genet, tree frog. Greater than 219 bird species had been recorded, including the white-tailed crested fly catcher, monetary shrike and wailing cisticola, and 15 species are concept to be endangered (2012). Birds of prey include the augur buzzard, the eagle owl and the lengthy-crested eagle.

History of Malawi


Malawi
Area:
Africa
Did you realize?
Malawi is one of seven landlocked Commonwealth countries, all of which are in Africa, though it does have a border with Lake Malawi of extra than 750 km.

Key records

Joined Commonwealth:
1964
Populace:
18.09 million (2016)
GDP:
2.5% annual alternate (2016)
UN HDI:
World ranking one hundred seventy
Legit language:
English
Timezone:
GMT plus 2hr
Foreign money:
Malawi kwacha (MK)
Geography
Place:
118,484 sq.Km
Shoreline:
None
Capital city:
Lilongwe
Population density (according to sq. Km):
138

Malawi is a long, slim south-east African united states formed with the aid of the dramatic Rift Valley, with Lake Malawi a dominant feature. It's far bordered by means of Mozambique to the east, south and south-west, with the aid of Zambia to the north and north-west, and by the United Republic of Tanzania to the north and north-east.

There are 3 areas: the northern (capital Mzuzu), the principal (capital Lilongwe) and the southern (capital Blantyre).

Fundamental towns: 

Lilongwe (capital, pop. 723,six hundred in 2010), Blantyre (business centre, 694,500), Mzuzu (138,300), Zomba (seat of Parliament, ninety one,900), Kasungu (46,six hundred), Karonga (forty four,000), Mangochi (forty two,three hundred), Salima (28,800), Nkhotakota (25,900), Liwonde (25,100), Balaka (23,900), Mzimba (22,400), Dedza (21,2 hundred), Nsanje (20,three hundred), Rumphi (18,2 hundred) and Mchinji (17,800).

Transport: 

There are 15,450 km of roads (forty five consistent with cent paved) and 797 km of railway. Rehabilitation of the battle-damaged railway line to the Mozambican port of Nacala become completed in 1997. Plans have been announced in 1999 for personal-zone control of Malawi Railways, main to eventual privatisation.

Lilongwe international Airport handles the bulk of home and worldwide visitors; the second worldwide airport is Blantyre Chileka.

Global members of the family: 

Malawi is a member of the African, Caribbean and Pacific group of States, African Union, commonplace marketplace for jap and Southern Africa, Non-Aligned motion, Southern African development network, United international locations and world change organization.

Topography: 

Malawi’s deep Rift Valley trench is on common eighty km extensive. Lake Malawi occupies two-thirds of the Rift Valley ground. It feeds the Shire river, which flows south to join the Zambezi. Plateaux upward thrust west of the ditch. The northern place is mountainous, with the open Nyika Plateau, escarpments, valleys and the forested slopes of Viphya Plateau. The crucial location, the principle agricultural area, is a plateau over 1,000 metres high. The southern vicinity is low-lying other than the 2,one hundred metres excessive Zomba Plateau and the three,002 metres Mulanje Massif, the highest mountain in south-critical Africa.

Climate: 

The tropical climate is tempered by altitude and cooler at the excessive plateaux. There are three seasons: a fab, dry season from mid-April to August; a heat, dry season from September to November; and a rainy season (receiving 90 in keeping with cent of precipitation) from December to April. Most of the u . S . Is well watered, receiving 800–2,500 mm of rain, with a few areas inside the excessive plateaux receiving three,500 mm p.A.

Surroundings: 

The maximum good sized environmental troubles are deforestation; soil degradation; and water pollutants by means of agricultural run-off, sewage and business wastes.

Flora: 

The various weather encourages various vegetation. Zomba Plateau, the country’s oldest woodland reserve, has Mulanje cedar, cypress and Mexican pine. There's dense tropical rainforest on the lower tiers of the Mulanje Massif; better up develop ericas, helichrysum, massive blue lobelias, species of iris, staghorn lily and (particular to Malawi) Whyte’s sunflower. Woodland covers 34 consistent with cent of the land vicinity, having declined at zero.9 in keeping with cent p.A. 1990–2010. Arable land contains 38 in keeping with cent and permanent cropland one per cent of the total land area.

Natural world: 

Animals encompass leopard, hyena, jackal, hyrax, porcupine, red duiker, bushbuck, reedbuck, klipspringer, baboon, mongoose, vervet monkey, serval, civet, genet, tree frog. Greater than 219 bird species had been recorded, including the white-tailed crested fly catcher, monetary shrike and wailing cisticola, and 15 species are concept to be endangered (2012). Birds of prey include the augur buzzard, the eagle owl and the lengthy-crested eagle.

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