Dr Asma Jahangir of Pakistan was in 2010 appointed to the Commonwealth Eminent men and women group, which supplied its hints for reform in the Commonwealth to Commonwealth leaders at CHOGM in Australia in October 2011.

Cricketers Imran Khan and Wasim Akram, both born in Lahore, Punjab, accomplished the ‘all-rounder’s double’ and Wisden leading Cricketer inside the international.

Mohammed Hanif received the Commonwealth Writers’ Prize pleasant First e book award, in 2009, with A Case of Exploding Mangoes.


Key statistics

Joined Commonwealth:
1947 (left in 1972, rejoined in 1989)
Population:
182,143,000 (2013)
GDP:
1.8% p.A. 1990–2013
UN HDI:
World ranking 146
Official language:
Urdu
Timezone:
GMT plus 5hr
Forex:
Pakistan rupee (PRs)
Geography
Location:
796,1/2 squarekm, excluding territory in Jammu and Kashmir, whose popularity is in dispute.
Coastline:
1,050km
Capital metropolis:
Islamabad
Populace density (in line with sq. Km):
229

The country accommodates 4 provinces: (from south to north) Sindh, Balochistan, Punjab and Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa (formerly North- West Frontier Province). The territory adjacent Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa is known as the Federally Administered Tribal areas and the Pakistani-administered components of Jammu and Kashmir within the north-east as Azad Kashmir and northern areas.

Primary towns: 

Islamabad (capital, pop. 689,2 hundred in 2010), Karachi (Sindh Province, 13.21m), Lahore (Punjab, 7.13m), Faisalabad (Punjab, 2.88m), Rawalpindi (Punjab, 1.99m), Multan (Punjab, 1.61m), Hyderabad (Sindh, 1.58m), Gujranwala (Punjab, 1.57m), Peshawar (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 1.44m), Quetta (Balochistan, 896,a hundred), Sargodha (Punjab, 600,500), Bahawalpur (Punjab, 543,900), Sialkot (Punjab, 510,900), Sukkur (Sindh, 493,four hundred), Larkana (Sindh, 456,500), Shekhupura (Punjab, 427,000), Jhang (Punjab, 372,six hundred), Rahimyar Khan (Punjab, 353,one hundred), Mardan (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 352,one hundred), Gujrat (Punjab, 336,seven-hundred), Kasur (Punjab, 322,000), Mingaora (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 279,900), Dera Ghazi Khan (Punjab, 273,three hundred), Nawabshah (Sindh, 272,six hundred), Wah (Punjab, 265,two hundred), Sahiwal (Punjab, 251,600), Mirpur Khas (Sindh, 242,900), Okara (Punjab, 235,400), Kohat (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 176,two hundred), Abottabad (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 148,600), Khuzdar (Balochistan, 148,one hundred), Swabi (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, a hundred and fifteen,000), Dera Ismail Khan (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 111,900) and Zhob (Balochistan, 56,800).

Delivery: 

There are 262,260 km of roads, 72 consistent with cent paved, and 7,791 km of railway, with 781 stations. Most important strains run north–south, linking the principle ports and industrial centre of Karachi with Islamabad, 1,six hundred km to the north. All main towns and most industrial centres are linked through rail.

Karachi port handles the bulk of foreign trade. Port Qasim, south- east of Karachi, is also an important port. Primary worldwide airports are at Karachi, Islamabad and Lahore.

Worldwide members of the family:

Pakistan is a member of the Non-Aligned motion, organisation of Islamic Cooperation, South Asian affiliation for nearby Cooperation, United international locations and international alternate organisation.


Topography: 

Pakistan has first rate topographical variety. The high mountain vicinity of the north consists of part of the Himalayas, Karakoram and Hindukush. There are 35 peaks over 7,320 metres excessive, inclusive of okay-2, the arena’s second-maximum mountain. This vicinity abounds in glaciers, lakes and inexperienced valleys. Southwards, the tiers progressively lose top. The western low mountain region covers tons of Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa Province, with mountains cut via valleys and passes, inclusive of the Khyber bypass, 56 km long, connecting Kabul in Afghanistan with Peshawar. The third vicinity is the Balochistan plateau to the west. West of the Balochistan plateau is a place of wilderness with dry lakes, one 87 km long. The Potohar upland lies among the Indus and Jhelum rivers within the Islamabad/Rawalpindi location. That is an arid area, with cultivation along the valleys. The fifth location is the Punjab simple watered by way of the River Indus and its jap tributaries (Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas) and moreover irrigated by canals. The Sindh undeniable stretches among the Punjab simple and the Arabian Sea on both facets of the Indus river. The apparent comprises a giant fertile tract with many lakes, and a desolate tract spreading eastward into India.

In October 2005, a effective earthquake, with its epicentre in the north of the united states, close to Muzaffarabad in Pakistan- administered Kashmir, induced some 80,000 deaths and devastation of a large area which left tens of millions homeless.

Climate:

Intense variations of temperature. The northern mountains are bloodless, with long and extreme winters. Temperatures on the Balochistan plateau are excessive. Along the coastal strip, the climate is changed by sea breezes. In the rest of the united states of america, the temperature rises steeply in summer season. Seasons are: cold season (December to March), warm season (April to June), monsoon season (July to September) and publish-monsoon season (October and November). Rainfall varies from 760–1,270 mm in the Himalayan foothills to 210 mm in Balochistan.


Surroundings: 

The maximum large problems are soil erosion, deforestation, desertification, and water pollutants with untreated sewage and commercial waste and by means of use of commercial pesticides.

Vegetation: 

Nicely-watered mountain slopes support forests of deodar, pine, poplar, shisham, willow and other species. Towering grasses and expanses of floating lotus flourish within the lake vicinity of the Sindh plain. There are mangrove swamps to the south. Forest covers  per cent of the land vicinity, having declined at 2.0 per cent p.A. 1990–2010. Arable land accommodates 27 in step with cent and everlasting cropland one in step with cent of the overall land location.

Wildlife: 

Natural world within the northern mountains consists of brown bears, black Himalayan bears, musk deer, ibexes, leopards and rare snow-leopards. Chinkara gazelles have a much wider distribution, whilst barking deer stay towards city centres. Within the delta, there are crocodiles, pythons and wild boar. Inexperienced turtles, an endangered species, often go to the Karachi coast throughout the egg-laying season. Houbara bustards are wintry weather site visitors. Manchar Lake in Sindh is rich in water-birds. In 2003, there were 37,800 squarekm of covered regions (4.Nine in line with cent of the land location). A few 24 mammal species and 23 chicken species are concept to be endangered (2014).

History of Pakistan



Dr Asma Jahangir of Pakistan was in 2010 appointed to the Commonwealth Eminent men and women group, which supplied its hints for reform in the Commonwealth to Commonwealth leaders at CHOGM in Australia in October 2011.

Cricketers Imran Khan and Wasim Akram, both born in Lahore, Punjab, accomplished the ‘all-rounder’s double’ and Wisden leading Cricketer inside the international.

Mohammed Hanif received the Commonwealth Writers’ Prize pleasant First e book award, in 2009, with A Case of Exploding Mangoes.


Key statistics

Joined Commonwealth:
1947 (left in 1972, rejoined in 1989)
Population:
182,143,000 (2013)
GDP:
1.8% p.A. 1990–2013
UN HDI:
World ranking 146
Official language:
Urdu
Timezone:
GMT plus 5hr
Forex:
Pakistan rupee (PRs)
Geography
Location:
796,1/2 squarekm, excluding territory in Jammu and Kashmir, whose popularity is in dispute.
Coastline:
1,050km
Capital metropolis:
Islamabad
Populace density (in line with sq. Km):
229

The country accommodates 4 provinces: (from south to north) Sindh, Balochistan, Punjab and Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa (formerly North- West Frontier Province). The territory adjacent Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa is known as the Federally Administered Tribal areas and the Pakistani-administered components of Jammu and Kashmir within the north-east as Azad Kashmir and northern areas.

Primary towns: 

Islamabad (capital, pop. 689,2 hundred in 2010), Karachi (Sindh Province, 13.21m), Lahore (Punjab, 7.13m), Faisalabad (Punjab, 2.88m), Rawalpindi (Punjab, 1.99m), Multan (Punjab, 1.61m), Hyderabad (Sindh, 1.58m), Gujranwala (Punjab, 1.57m), Peshawar (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 1.44m), Quetta (Balochistan, 896,a hundred), Sargodha (Punjab, 600,500), Bahawalpur (Punjab, 543,900), Sialkot (Punjab, 510,900), Sukkur (Sindh, 493,four hundred), Larkana (Sindh, 456,500), Shekhupura (Punjab, 427,000), Jhang (Punjab, 372,six hundred), Rahimyar Khan (Punjab, 353,one hundred), Mardan (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 352,one hundred), Gujrat (Punjab, 336,seven-hundred), Kasur (Punjab, 322,000), Mingaora (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 279,900), Dera Ghazi Khan (Punjab, 273,three hundred), Nawabshah (Sindh, 272,six hundred), Wah (Punjab, 265,two hundred), Sahiwal (Punjab, 251,600), Mirpur Khas (Sindh, 242,900), Okara (Punjab, 235,400), Kohat (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 176,two hundred), Abottabad (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 148,600), Khuzdar (Balochistan, 148,one hundred), Swabi (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, a hundred and fifteen,000), Dera Ismail Khan (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, 111,900) and Zhob (Balochistan, 56,800).

Delivery: 

There are 262,260 km of roads, 72 consistent with cent paved, and 7,791 km of railway, with 781 stations. Most important strains run north–south, linking the principle ports and industrial centre of Karachi with Islamabad, 1,six hundred km to the north. All main towns and most industrial centres are linked through rail.

Karachi port handles the bulk of foreign trade. Port Qasim, south- east of Karachi, is also an important port. Primary worldwide airports are at Karachi, Islamabad and Lahore.

Worldwide members of the family:

Pakistan is a member of the Non-Aligned motion, organisation of Islamic Cooperation, South Asian affiliation for nearby Cooperation, United international locations and international alternate organisation.


Topography: 

Pakistan has first rate topographical variety. The high mountain vicinity of the north consists of part of the Himalayas, Karakoram and Hindukush. There are 35 peaks over 7,320 metres excessive, inclusive of okay-2, the arena’s second-maximum mountain. This vicinity abounds in glaciers, lakes and inexperienced valleys. Southwards, the tiers progressively lose top. The western low mountain region covers tons of Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa Province, with mountains cut via valleys and passes, inclusive of the Khyber bypass, 56 km long, connecting Kabul in Afghanistan with Peshawar. The third vicinity is the Balochistan plateau to the west. West of the Balochistan plateau is a place of wilderness with dry lakes, one 87 km long. The Potohar upland lies among the Indus and Jhelum rivers within the Islamabad/Rawalpindi location. That is an arid area, with cultivation along the valleys. The fifth location is the Punjab simple watered by way of the River Indus and its jap tributaries (Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas) and moreover irrigated by canals. The Sindh undeniable stretches among the Punjab simple and the Arabian Sea on both facets of the Indus river. The apparent comprises a giant fertile tract with many lakes, and a desolate tract spreading eastward into India.

In October 2005, a effective earthquake, with its epicentre in the north of the united states, close to Muzaffarabad in Pakistan- administered Kashmir, induced some 80,000 deaths and devastation of a large area which left tens of millions homeless.

Climate:

Intense variations of temperature. The northern mountains are bloodless, with long and extreme winters. Temperatures on the Balochistan plateau are excessive. Along the coastal strip, the climate is changed by sea breezes. In the rest of the united states of america, the temperature rises steeply in summer season. Seasons are: cold season (December to March), warm season (April to June), monsoon season (July to September) and publish-monsoon season (October and November). Rainfall varies from 760–1,270 mm in the Himalayan foothills to 210 mm in Balochistan.


Surroundings: 

The maximum large problems are soil erosion, deforestation, desertification, and water pollutants with untreated sewage and commercial waste and by means of use of commercial pesticides.

Vegetation: 

Nicely-watered mountain slopes support forests of deodar, pine, poplar, shisham, willow and other species. Towering grasses and expanses of floating lotus flourish within the lake vicinity of the Sindh plain. There are mangrove swamps to the south. Forest covers  per cent of the land vicinity, having declined at 2.0 per cent p.A. 1990–2010. Arable land accommodates 27 in step with cent and everlasting cropland one in step with cent of the overall land location.

Wildlife: 

Natural world within the northern mountains consists of brown bears, black Himalayan bears, musk deer, ibexes, leopards and rare snow-leopards. Chinkara gazelles have a much wider distribution, whilst barking deer stay towards city centres. Within the delta, there are crocodiles, pythons and wild boar. Inexperienced turtles, an endangered species, often go to the Karachi coast throughout the egg-laying season. Houbara bustards are wintry weather site visitors. Manchar Lake in Sindh is rich in water-birds. In 2003, there were 37,800 squarekm of covered regions (4.Nine in line with cent of the land location). A few 24 mammal species and 23 chicken species are concept to be endangered (2014).

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