Key statisticsJoined Commonwealth:
Percent. Boom: 4.6% p.A. 1990–2013
World rating seventy three
GMT plus five:30hr
Sri Lanka rupee (SLRs)
Sixty five,610 squarekm
Population density (in keeping with sq. Km):
The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (previously Ceylon) is an island within the Indian Ocean, separated from south-east India (Tamil Nadu kingdom) by means of the Palk Strait. It's far almost connected to the Indian mainland with the aid of Adam’s Bridge, an atoll barrier, mostly submerged, lying between the offshore island of Mannar and India itself.
The united states incorporates 9 provinces (from south to north): Southern (provincial capital Galle), Sabaragamuwa (Ratnapura), Western (Colombo), Uva (Badulla), japanese (Trincomalee), valuable (Kandy), North-Western (Kurunegala), North-vital (Anuradhapura) and northern (Jaffna).
Important towns:Colombo (business capital; Western Province; pop. 561,314 in 2012), Sri Jayewardenepura–Kotte (administrative capital; extra Colombo, 107,925), Maharagama (more Colombo, 196,423), Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia (extra Colombo, 184,468), Moratuwa (greater Colombo, 168,280), Negombo (142,499), Kalmunai (99,893), Kandy (principal, ninety eight,828), Galle (Southern, 86,333), Batticaloa (86,227), Jaffna (Northern, 80,829), Daluguma (seventy four,400), Katunayaka (61,228), Anuradhapura (North-relevant, 50,595), Trincomalee (eastern, forty eight,351), Ratnapura (Sabaragamuwa, 47,a hundred and five), Badulla (Uva, 42,237), Vavuniya (34,816), Kurunegala (North-Western, 24,833), Dambulla (23,814), Chavakachcheri (16,129), factor Pedro (thirteen,three hundred) and Valvettithurai (7,three hundred).
Shipping:There are 114,090 km of roads (eighty in keeping with cent paved) and about 1,460 km of railway. Rail hyperlinks exist between the most important towns. The traces run from Colombo north along the coast to Puttalam, north through Kurunegala and Anuradhapura to Mannar and to Jaffna; north-east to Trincomalee and Batticaloa; east to Kandy via Gampaha; and south alongside the coast to Galle and Matara.
The worldwide ports are at Colombo, Galle, Talaimannar and Trincomalee. Bandaranaike global airport is 32 km from Colombo.
The larger home airports are at Ratmalana (Colombo) inside the south and Jaffna inside the north.
International members of the family:
Sri Lanka is a member of the Indian Ocean Rim association for nearby Cooperation, Non-Aligned movement, South Asian affiliation for local Cooperation, United countries and world alternate agency.
Topography:Past the coastal plains, Sri Lanka’s topography is dominated by way of an outstandingly beautiful primary mountain massif of gneiss rock, with the best point at Pidurutalagala (2,524m). The holy Adam’s top (2,243m) is so called from a mark at the pinnacle inside the likeness of a human footprint, variously attributed as the print of the Buddha, Vishnu or Adam, and is an area of pilgrimage. The coastal plains are broader inside the north, petering out inside the long low-lying Jaffna peninsula. Several rapid-flowing non-navigable rivers rise up inside the mountains. The Mahaweli Ganga, from which hydroelectric energy is acquired, is the longest at 322km.
One of the maximum violent earthquakes ever recorded happened on 26 December 2004 within the Indian Ocean west of Sumatra producing a tsunami that swamped the east and south coasts of Sri Lanka causing approximately 31,000 deaths and devastation of the coastal vicinity.