Did you recognize:
Queen Elizabeth II is Head of the Commonwealth and head of country of sixteen Commonwealth nations.
The United Kingdom hosts in London the HQ of the Commonwealth Secretariat, Commonwealth basis, affiliation of Commonwealth Universities, Commonwealth company and funding Council, Commonwealth video games Federation, Commonwealth local authorities forum and the Commonwealth Parliamentary affiliation.
Scholarships and fellowships are offered by means of the UK to citizens of other Commonwealth nations below the Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan.
3 Britons have won the general Commonwealth Writers’ Prize and four the first-class First book award.
Sixty three,136,000 (2013)
1.Five% p.A. 1990–2013
International rating 14
GMT plus zero–1hr
Pound sterling (£)
243,305 sq.Km – England 130,395; Scotland seventy eight,313; Wales 20,754; Northern eire thirteen,843.
Population density (consistent with sq. Km):
The United Kingdom of top notch Britain and northern eire (united kingdom) consists of a group of islands off the western coast of Europe. The most important, notable Britain, incorporates three countries: England, Scotland and Wales. Eire, to the west, consists of the United Kingdom’s province of Northern ireland and the Irish Republic. There are several offshore islands and island groups, the biggest mendacity off Scotland.
The UK is a union of four nations: England, Scotland, Wales and northern ireland. The Crown dependencies (the Channel Islands and the Isle of guy) are largely self-governing with the United Kingdom answerable for their defence and global relations and aren't part of the UK.
Fundamental cities:London (capital, England, pop. 8.25m in 2011), Birmingham (England, 1.08m), Glasgow (Scotland, 590,507), Liverpool (England, 552,267), Bristol (England, 535,907), Sheffield (England, 518,090), Manchester (England, 510,746), Leeds (England, 474,632), Edinburgh (Scotland, 459,366), Leicester (England, 443,760), Bradford (England, 349,561), Cardiff (Wales, 335,a hundred forty five), Coventry (England, 325,349), Nottingham (England, 289,301), Kingston upon Hull (England, 284,321), Belfast (Northern eire, 280,561), Stoke-on-Trent (England, 270,726), Newcastle-upon-Tyne (England, 268,064), Southampton (England, 253,651), Portsmouth (England, 238,137), Plymouth (England, 234,982), Derby (England, 225,394), Wolverhampton (England, 210,319), Aberdeen (Scotland, 195,021), Norwich (England, 186,682), Swansea (Wales, 179,485), Oxford (England, 159,994) and Cambridge (England, one hundred forty five,818).
There are 419,630 km of roads, a hundred per cent paved; motorways account for some 3,500 km. As a minimum 70 in keeping with cent of households own one or more automobiles, 27 consistent with cent proudly owning or more.
The arena’s first passenger steam railway (the Stockton and Darlington Railway) started out operation in Britain in 1825. The system changed into nationalised in 1948 and privatisation became finished in 1997, although Railtrack, the company that controlled the railway infrastructure, reverted to public ownership in 2001, as community Rail. There are 31,471 km of railway.
The Channel Tunnel become opened to site visitors in 1994. It operates a fast undersea train shuttle between Folkestone in England and Calais in France, carrying automobiles, freight and passengers, linking London with Paris and Brussels. There are underground railway structures in London (‘the tube’) and Glasgow. Liverpool has a metro- like device. Numerous mild rail structures were constructed during the 1990s, which include the Docklands light Railway, Tyne and wear Metro, Manchester Metrolink, South Yorkshire Supertram, the Midland Metro and the Croydon Tramlink.
There are about 100 commercially substantial ports and numerous hundred small harbours. The primary ports are London, Dover, Tees and Hartlepool, Grimsby and Immingham, Southampton, Liverpool and Felixstowe. Forth, Sullom Voe (Shetland) and Milford Haven basically take care of oil.
London’s global airports are Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted and city Airport. Different fundamental worldwide airports are Manchester, Birmingham and Glasgow. There are greater than a hundred and fifty civil aerodromes.