United kingdom
Location:
Europe
Did you recognize:
Queen Elizabeth II is Head of the Commonwealth and head of country of sixteen Commonwealth nations.

The United Kingdom hosts in London the HQ of the Commonwealth Secretariat, Commonwealth basis, affiliation of Commonwealth Universities, Commonwealth company and funding Council, Commonwealth video games Federation, Commonwealth local authorities forum and the Commonwealth Parliamentary affiliation.

Scholarships and fellowships are offered by means of the UK to citizens of other Commonwealth nations below the Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan.

3 Britons have won the general Commonwealth Writers’ Prize and four the first-class First book award.


Key statistics

Populace:
Sixty three,136,000 (2013)
GDP:
1.Five% p.A. 1990–2013
UN HDI:
International rating 14
Official language:
English
Timezone:
GMT plus zero–1hr
Foreign money:
Pound sterling (£)
Geography
Location:
243,305 sq.Km – England 130,395; Scotland seventy eight,313; Wales 20,754; Northern eire thirteen,843.
Coastline:
12,400km
Capital town:
London
Population density (consistent with sq. Km):
259

The United Kingdom of top notch Britain and northern eire (united kingdom) consists of a group of islands off the western coast of Europe. The most important, notable Britain, incorporates three countries: England, Scotland and Wales. Eire, to the west, consists of the United Kingdom’s province of Northern ireland and the Irish Republic. There are several offshore islands and island groups, the biggest mendacity off Scotland.

The UK is a union of four nations: England, Scotland, Wales and northern ireland. The Crown dependencies (the Channel Islands and the Isle of guy) are largely self-governing with the United Kingdom answerable for their defence and global relations and aren't part of the UK.

Fundamental cities: 

London (capital, England, pop. 8.25m in 2011), Birmingham (England, 1.08m), Glasgow (Scotland, 590,507), Liverpool (England, 552,267), Bristol (England, 535,907), Sheffield (England, 518,090), Manchester (England, 510,746), Leeds (England, 474,632), Edinburgh (Scotland, 459,366), Leicester (England, 443,760), Bradford (England, 349,561), Cardiff (Wales, 335,a hundred forty five), Coventry (England, 325,349), Nottingham (England, 289,301), Kingston upon Hull (England, 284,321), Belfast (Northern eire, 280,561), Stoke-on-Trent (England, 270,726), Newcastle-upon-Tyne (England, 268,064), Southampton (England, 253,651), Portsmouth (England, 238,137), Plymouth (England, 234,982), Derby (England, 225,394), Wolverhampton (England, 210,319), Aberdeen (Scotland, 195,021), Norwich (England, 186,682), Swansea (Wales, 179,485), Oxford (England, 159,994) and Cambridge (England, one hundred forty five,818).


Shipping: 

There are 419,630 km of roads, a hundred per cent paved; motorways account for some 3,500 km. As a minimum 70 in keeping with cent of households own one or more automobiles, 27 consistent with cent proudly owning  or more.

The arena’s first passenger steam railway (the Stockton and Darlington Railway) started out operation in Britain in 1825. The system changed into nationalised in 1948 and privatisation became finished in 1997, although Railtrack, the company that controlled the railway infrastructure, reverted to public ownership in 2001, as community Rail. There are 31,471 km of railway.

The Channel Tunnel become opened to site visitors in 1994. It operates a fast undersea train shuttle between Folkestone in England and Calais in France, carrying automobiles, freight and passengers, linking London with Paris and Brussels. There are underground railway structures in London (‘the tube’) and Glasgow. Liverpool has a metro- like device. Numerous mild rail structures were constructed during the 1990s, which include the Docklands light Railway, Tyne and wear Metro, Manchester Metrolink, South Yorkshire Supertram, the Midland Metro and the Croydon Tramlink.

There are about 100 commercially substantial ports and numerous hundred small harbours. The primary ports are London, Dover, Tees and Hartlepool, Grimsby and Immingham, Southampton, Liverpool and Felixstowe. Forth, Sullom Voe (Shetland) and Milford Haven basically take care of oil.

London’s global airports are Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted and city Airport. Different fundamental worldwide airports are Manchester, Birmingham and Glasgow. There are greater than a hundred and fifty civil aerodromes.

Global members of the family: 

United kingdom is a member of the Council of Europe, ecu Union, North Atlantic Treaty enterprise, employer for monetary Co-operation and improvement, business enterprise for security and Co-operation in Europe, United nations and global change corporation.

Topography: 

The UK is simply under 1,000 km lengthy and just below 500 km throughout at the widest factor. The usa is low-mendacity within the east of britain, with mountains in Wales, Scotland and northern eire. The Pennine chain bureaucracy a ridge down northern England. The Cambrian Mountains stretch throughout Wales, with Snowdon inside the north-west rising to 1,1/2 metres. Northern eire has the Sperrin, Antrim and Mourne Mountains. Scotland has nearly three hundred peaks over 913 metres and Ben Nevis within the Grampian variety rises to at least one,343 metres. The Scottish Orkney and Shetland islands within the north and Hebrides within the north-west are mountainous and fiorded island chains. The United Kingdom is well-watered, with navigable rivers such as the Thames, Severn, Trent, Mersey and Tyne. There are many lakes, especially within the north-west (the Lake District) and in Scotland and northerly eire (known respectively as lochs or loughs).

Weather: 

The climate is mild, cool-temperate and oceanic. Rainfall is commonly heaviest between September and January. Air currents across the Atlantic are warmed with the aid of the Gulf movement and make the rainfall unpredictable however also give the us of a a hotter climate than ordinary for its latitude. The northerly range offers lengthy days in summer season and long nights in wintry weather.


Surroundings: 

The maximum large environmental issues are: persevering with reduction of greenhouse gasoline emissions in step with Kyoto Protocol commitments; air pollution specially by means of motor motors; and the want to recycle a regularly large proportion of strong waste.

Plants: 

The original natural plant life consisted in large part of forest, but seventy six in keeping with cent of the land area is now cultivated farmland or pasture. There may be moorland in Yorkshire (northern England), the south-west and Scotland. Wooded area regions have doubled since 1919 and constitute 12 consistent with cent of the land location, having improved at 0.5 in step with cent p.A. 1990–2010. Fifteen national parks in England, Wales and Scotland, regional parks and various targeted areas help to protect the surroundings. Arable land contains 26 according to cent of the total land region.

Natural world: 

About 30,000 animal species are found inside the united kingdom. Indigenous flora and fauna at first protected bears and wolves, but human settlement has long rendered these extinct. Surviving large mammals encompass deer, otters, badgers and foxes; marshland areas guide waders and different birds, and there are numerous migrants. Conservation schemes guard numerous species and critical habitats. The wildlife and nation-state Act 1981 extended the list of covered species, and three conservation organizations (English Nature, the countryside Council for Wales and Scottish herbal historical past) have schemes to get better and reintroduce threatened species. 5 mammal species and 4 bird species are thought to be endangered (2014).

History of United Kingdom


United kingdom
Location:
Europe
Did you recognize:
Queen Elizabeth II is Head of the Commonwealth and head of country of sixteen Commonwealth nations.

The United Kingdom hosts in London the HQ of the Commonwealth Secretariat, Commonwealth basis, affiliation of Commonwealth Universities, Commonwealth company and funding Council, Commonwealth video games Federation, Commonwealth local authorities forum and the Commonwealth Parliamentary affiliation.

Scholarships and fellowships are offered by means of the UK to citizens of other Commonwealth nations below the Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan.

3 Britons have won the general Commonwealth Writers’ Prize and four the first-class First book award.


Key statistics

Populace:
Sixty three,136,000 (2013)
GDP:
1.Five% p.A. 1990–2013
UN HDI:
International rating 14
Official language:
English
Timezone:
GMT plus zero–1hr
Foreign money:
Pound sterling (£)
Geography
Location:
243,305 sq.Km – England 130,395; Scotland seventy eight,313; Wales 20,754; Northern eire thirteen,843.
Coastline:
12,400km
Capital town:
London
Population density (consistent with sq. Km):
259

The United Kingdom of top notch Britain and northern eire (united kingdom) consists of a group of islands off the western coast of Europe. The most important, notable Britain, incorporates three countries: England, Scotland and Wales. Eire, to the west, consists of the United Kingdom’s province of Northern ireland and the Irish Republic. There are several offshore islands and island groups, the biggest mendacity off Scotland.

The UK is a union of four nations: England, Scotland, Wales and northern ireland. The Crown dependencies (the Channel Islands and the Isle of guy) are largely self-governing with the United Kingdom answerable for their defence and global relations and aren't part of the UK.

Fundamental cities: 

London (capital, England, pop. 8.25m in 2011), Birmingham (England, 1.08m), Glasgow (Scotland, 590,507), Liverpool (England, 552,267), Bristol (England, 535,907), Sheffield (England, 518,090), Manchester (England, 510,746), Leeds (England, 474,632), Edinburgh (Scotland, 459,366), Leicester (England, 443,760), Bradford (England, 349,561), Cardiff (Wales, 335,a hundred forty five), Coventry (England, 325,349), Nottingham (England, 289,301), Kingston upon Hull (England, 284,321), Belfast (Northern eire, 280,561), Stoke-on-Trent (England, 270,726), Newcastle-upon-Tyne (England, 268,064), Southampton (England, 253,651), Portsmouth (England, 238,137), Plymouth (England, 234,982), Derby (England, 225,394), Wolverhampton (England, 210,319), Aberdeen (Scotland, 195,021), Norwich (England, 186,682), Swansea (Wales, 179,485), Oxford (England, 159,994) and Cambridge (England, one hundred forty five,818).


Shipping: 

There are 419,630 km of roads, a hundred per cent paved; motorways account for some 3,500 km. As a minimum 70 in keeping with cent of households own one or more automobiles, 27 consistent with cent proudly owning  or more.

The arena’s first passenger steam railway (the Stockton and Darlington Railway) started out operation in Britain in 1825. The system changed into nationalised in 1948 and privatisation became finished in 1997, although Railtrack, the company that controlled the railway infrastructure, reverted to public ownership in 2001, as community Rail. There are 31,471 km of railway.

The Channel Tunnel become opened to site visitors in 1994. It operates a fast undersea train shuttle between Folkestone in England and Calais in France, carrying automobiles, freight and passengers, linking London with Paris and Brussels. There are underground railway structures in London (‘the tube’) and Glasgow. Liverpool has a metro- like device. Numerous mild rail structures were constructed during the 1990s, which include the Docklands light Railway, Tyne and wear Metro, Manchester Metrolink, South Yorkshire Supertram, the Midland Metro and the Croydon Tramlink.

There are about 100 commercially substantial ports and numerous hundred small harbours. The primary ports are London, Dover, Tees and Hartlepool, Grimsby and Immingham, Southampton, Liverpool and Felixstowe. Forth, Sullom Voe (Shetland) and Milford Haven basically take care of oil.

London’s global airports are Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted and city Airport. Different fundamental worldwide airports are Manchester, Birmingham and Glasgow. There are greater than a hundred and fifty civil aerodromes.

Global members of the family: 

United kingdom is a member of the Council of Europe, ecu Union, North Atlantic Treaty enterprise, employer for monetary Co-operation and improvement, business enterprise for security and Co-operation in Europe, United nations and global change corporation.

Topography: 

The UK is simply under 1,000 km lengthy and just below 500 km throughout at the widest factor. The usa is low-mendacity within the east of britain, with mountains in Wales, Scotland and northern eire. The Pennine chain bureaucracy a ridge down northern England. The Cambrian Mountains stretch throughout Wales, with Snowdon inside the north-west rising to 1,1/2 metres. Northern eire has the Sperrin, Antrim and Mourne Mountains. Scotland has nearly three hundred peaks over 913 metres and Ben Nevis within the Grampian variety rises to at least one,343 metres. The Scottish Orkney and Shetland islands within the north and Hebrides within the north-west are mountainous and fiorded island chains. The United Kingdom is well-watered, with navigable rivers such as the Thames, Severn, Trent, Mersey and Tyne. There are many lakes, especially within the north-west (the Lake District) and in Scotland and northerly eire (known respectively as lochs or loughs).

Weather: 

The climate is mild, cool-temperate and oceanic. Rainfall is commonly heaviest between September and January. Air currents across the Atlantic are warmed with the aid of the Gulf movement and make the rainfall unpredictable however also give the us of a a hotter climate than ordinary for its latitude. The northerly range offers lengthy days in summer season and long nights in wintry weather.


Surroundings: 

The maximum large environmental issues are: persevering with reduction of greenhouse gasoline emissions in step with Kyoto Protocol commitments; air pollution specially by means of motor motors; and the want to recycle a regularly large proportion of strong waste.

Plants: 

The original natural plant life consisted in large part of forest, but seventy six in keeping with cent of the land area is now cultivated farmland or pasture. There may be moorland in Yorkshire (northern England), the south-west and Scotland. Wooded area regions have doubled since 1919 and constitute 12 consistent with cent of the land location, having improved at 0.5 in step with cent p.A. 1990–2010. Fifteen national parks in England, Wales and Scotland, regional parks and various targeted areas help to protect the surroundings. Arable land contains 26 according to cent of the total land region.

Natural world: 

About 30,000 animal species are found inside the united kingdom. Indigenous flora and fauna at first protected bears and wolves, but human settlement has long rendered these extinct. Surviving large mammals encompass deer, otters, badgers and foxes; marshland areas guide waders and different birds, and there are numerous migrants. Conservation schemes guard numerous species and critical habitats. The wildlife and nation-state Act 1981 extended the list of covered species, and three conservation organizations (English Nature, the countryside Council for Wales and Scottish herbal historical past) have schemes to get better and reintroduce threatened species. 5 mammal species and 4 bird species are thought to be endangered (2014).

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